adjective   formalUK  /pɪˈdʒɒr.ə.tɪv/ US  /pɪˈdʒɔːr.ə.t̬ɪv/

expressing disapproval, or suggesting that something is not good or is of no importance


It comes as quite a shock to still hear a judge describing a child as “illegitimate“, with all the pejorative overtones of that word.令人大为震惊的是,尽管“私生子”一词带有强烈的贬义,但现在仍能听到法官称某个孩子为私生子。


verb [ T ]   forma

lUK  /ˈmɪt.ɪ.ɡeɪt/ US  /ˈmɪt̬.ə.ɡeɪt/

to make something less harmfulunpleasant, or bad


It is unclear how to mitigate the effects of tourism on the island.还不清楚如何缓解旅游业对这个岛屿的影响。

mitigation : noun

“I went down 20 flights of stairs,” an unnamed guest recalled.

E.J., who didn’t want to share his last name, told 8 News Now he works at Aria Resort & Casino.

noun [ C ]
UK /kəˈmɒd.ə.ti/ US /kəˈmɑː.də.t̬i/
Add to word list
a substance or product that can be traded, bought, or sold
The country’s most valuable commodities include tin and diamonds.
the international commodities market

a valuable quality
If you’re going into teaching, energy is a necessary commodity.

Ontario hit a new daily record with 154,104 shots in arms yesterday.
Specialty teams on Monday set free a large container ship that had stopped international trade through the Suez Canal.

The move is mainly believed as the result of a dispute over China’s actions in the Xinjiang region.

The Natural History Mesuem holds the greatest natural history collection in the world.

give sb away
:to show someone’s secret feelings
She thinks no one knows how much she likes him, but her face when I said he’d be there really gave her away!

call sth off

to decide that a planned event, especially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible
Tomorrow’s match has been called off because of the icy weather.
The police have called off the search for the missing child until dawn tomorrow.

up in the air悬而未决

The whole future of the project is still up in the air.

I just realizes we kind of left some stuff up in the air.

turn defeat into victory 转败为胜

purge: vt. 清除

grace period:宽限期

Being in Shaxi(沙溪镇 a town in Yunnan province) really does feel like you’ve stepped back in time.

break a leg: 祝演出成功

Break a leg” is a typical English idiom used in theatre to wish a performer “good luck”.

vibrant: adj, full of energy and enthusiasm.

I wasn’t born yesterday 我又不是三岁小孩

as you are (all, well) aware = as you know

jump on the bandwagon(潮流): 赶时髦(to join an activity that has become very popular or to change your opinion to one that has become very popular so that you can share in its success https://fanyi.baidu.com/#en/zh/jump%20on%20the%20bandwagon

China is indisputably and iconically represented as as the land of tea. (Blondie in China: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fD5_-C7WdrQ)

a fully customized/customisable dining experience

Canada-U.S. border closure extended again amid tension over restrictions. Canadian and U.S. officials have agreed to keep the border between the two countries closed to non-essential travel for another month. This comes as both countries are still working to stop the spread of COVID-19, and as tensions continue to flare between Canadians and prospective American visitors.

For ages 2 to 5, limit screen time to 1 hour per day and watch quality programming with kids.

a true foodie一个真正的吃货recipe (UK /ˈres.ɪ.pi/ , US /ˈres.ə.pi/):特指具体某一个菜的制作方法以及需要的配料(ingredients)。菜谱是cookbook

Take for a ride: 1) 欺骗 2) 载人兜风 3)搭车=give somebody a ride


Canada vows to retaliate after Trump reimposes(重新强加) tariffs on Canadian aluminum(铝).

count me in: 算上我。 eg:Hey, we’re going to a party tonight. Would you like to come? Yes. Count me in.

feed up /feed somebody/something up :to give a lot of food to a person or an animal to make them fatter or stronger

但是俚语里 feed up是受够了的意思。 eg:

She was fed up at his light-hearted attitude.她很厌恶他那种若无其事的态度。

We are fed up with listening to his story. 他的故事我们已经听腻了


Fed” 是 “Feed” 的過去式(Past tense)和過去分詞(Past participle),”Feed” 用作動詞(Verb)的時候是指餵食、提供的意思。

(1) Jason is fed up with his girlfriend.
Jason 已經受夠他女友。


A: You don’t look too happy. What’s wrong?
A: 你看起來不太高興,有甚麼事嗎?

B: I’m totally fed up with my job. I don’t know what to do.
B: 我受夠我那份爛工作了,我不曉得要怎麼做。

A: Go look for a new one.
A: 找一份新工作啊。

(3) Shut up! I’m really fed up with your nagging.
閉嘴! 我真的受夠你的碎碎念。

elegant: UK /ˈel.ɪ.ɡənt/ US /ˈel.ə.ɡənt/ :graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour

stun  /stʌn/ vt. to shock or surprise someone very much

stunning /ˈstʌn.ɪŋ/ adj. extremely beautiful or attractive 惊艳的

e.g. 1) a stunning dress 2) a stunning view over the bay of Saint Tropez


function words: prepositions,connectors

There are three different ways to pronounce the ‘ed‘ ending of regular verbs in the simple past tense: / id / , / t / or / d /. The pronunciation depends on the sound at the end of the infinitve of the main verb and whether it is voiced or not.

/Id /
infinitives that end in the sounds
/t/ or /d/
/ d /
infinitives that end in a voiced sound
/ t /
infinitves that end in an unvoiced sound



*Note that it is the sound that is important, not the letter or spelling. For example, fax ends in the letter x but the sound /s/; like ends in the letter e but the sound /k/.


The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /ɪd/:

  • aged
  • dogged
  • ragged
  • blessed
  • learned
  • wicked
  • crooked
  • naked
  • wretched

So we say:

  • an aged man /ɪd/
  • a blessed nuisance /ɪd/
  • a dogged persistence /ɪd/
  • a learned professor – the professor, who was truly learned /ɪd/
  • a wretched beggar – the beggar was wretched /ɪd/

But when used as real verbs (past simple and past participle), the normal rules apply and we say:

on loan = (of a thing) being borrowed.

e.g: The book I wanted was out on loan.

在别人寒暄的时候加入进来,简单问一句,Hey guys, what are we talking about now? 咱大伙儿在聊什么呢?一个we就已经把自己带入了话题

be flying high: 1)If a person or a company is flying high, they are very successful. eg: The company was flying high as a maker of personal computers. 2) to be very excited or happy. eg: When the winter Olympics came to Canada, the whole country was flying high. eg2: She could see from my face that I was flying high. (Music: You’re beautiful, by James Blunt)

Trudeau rejects calls to release Meng Wanzhou.

A group of 19 high-profile Canadians, including former foreign affairs ministers Lloyd Axworthy and Lawrence Cannon, penned a letter to Trudeau this week saying Justice Minister David Lametti should intervene to free Meng.

Ontario records significant surge in new COVID-19 cases

Ontario reports lowest number of COVID-19 cases in days with 121 new infections.

Ontario reports significant rise in new COVID-19 cases with most in Windsor-Essex.

Number of COVID-19 cases in Ontario increases for second day in a row but remains under 200.

Ontario records slight uptick in new COVID-19 cases.

Ontario reports lowest number of new cases of COVID-19 in more than three months.

Ontario reports fewer than 200 news cases of COVID-19 after slight increase.

Ontario records few than 200 new cases of COVID-19 for third straight day.

CERB eligibility extended for more 8 weeks.

India and China have their first deadly clashes in 45 years.

India-China clash: Two sides blame each other for deadly fighting.

At least 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a clash with Chinese forces in a disputed Himalayan border area, Indian officials say.

43 chinese soldiers killed?

Fact-check The claim was based on news agency ANI’s tweet which quoted “sources” and claimed that the Chinese have suffered 43 casualties, including the dead and injured.

Manitoba eyeing Phase 3 reopening.

A vehicle stopped at a checkpoint at the Manitoba-Ontario border in March, where officials were handing out information about COVID-19. 

If you think you’re playing it smart by planning a vacation within Canada this summer you may want to think again. Getting to another province may be harder than you think. 

Though every province has different regulations (and they are constantly shifting as the Covid-19 situation evolves) some provinces are enforcing very strict travel rules. Here’s everything that you need to know about Canada’s inter-provincial travel bans.

The new orders will extend the mandate that anyone entering Manitoba, regardless of whether it was from another country or another province must self-isolate for 14 days until such time as the orders are terminated by the chief provincial public health officer

In general, anyone arriving in Manitoba is required to self-isolate for 14-days upon arrival to reduce the spread of COVID-19. However, there are exceptions to allow for situations in which their work is deemed vital and necessary immediately upon arrival. https://www.gov.mb.ca/covid19/soe.html#current

Despite its success, Friends has been criticised in recent years for its lack of diversity, even by its cast members.

Ottawa provides update in fight against COVID-19.

Premier and Cabinet(内阁, Ministers provide update on COVID-19.

Cabinet: n. 内阁;橱柜;展览艺术品的小陈列室。adj. 内阁的;私下的,秘密的

P.E.I. Cabinet Ministers Provide COVID-19 Update.

Trump says launch has filled country with “sense of pride and unity”.

SpaceX launch could help pave the way for space tourism, Canadian astronaut says

SpaceX’s Crew Dragon Capsule arrives at the International Space Station.

SpaceX rocket lifts off from U.S. in history-making flight.

flash through my mind: 想起来。

Example:all of these marvels(奇迹) flash through my mind

freeloader = 蹭吃蹭喝的人 a person who takes advantage of others’ generosity without giving anything in return.

cut corners = 投机取巧 undertake something in what appears to be the easiest, quickest, or cheapest way, especially by omitting to do something important or ignoring rules.

drop me a line 给我写封信 send me a letter, write me a letter.

I’ll just play it by ear. 我到时随机应变

I’m working on it. 我正在努力

echo 发音[ˈekoʊ]

the difference of pronunciation of advise and advice

To start, ADVISE and ADVICE are not pronounced the same way. If you see an S, pronounce it like the voiced [z] sound, as in BUZZ or LIES. If you see a C, on the other hand, pronounce it like the unvoiced [s] sound, as in BUS or LICE. In addition, ADVICE is an uncountable noun, while ADVISE is a verb. https://www.myenglishteacher.eu/blog/advice-vs-advise/

Sound: https://youglish.com/pronounce/advise/english?

an elephant in the room

If you say there is an elephant in the room, you mean that there is an obvious problem or difficult situation that people do not want to talk about. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/an-elephant-in-the-room

The expression “elephant in the room” (usually “the elephant in the room“) or “the elephant in the living room[1][2] is a metaphoricalidiom in English for an important or enormous topic, problem, or risk that is obvious or that everyone knows about but no one mentions or wants to discuss because it makes at least some of them uncomfortable or is personally, socially, or politically embarrassing, controversial, inflammatory, or dangerous. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_in_the_room

We are going to shop. My treat. his bill is my treat.我请客

this is on me == place this on my account

I thought it was you.

What will be, will be.

turn in = go to bed (https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/turn-in)

This is a work thing.

It wasn’t my cup of tea, to be honest, I guess I don’t really like musicals.

what’s on your mind?

She is very fond of the coat. fond = 喜欢的

For the sake of simplicity, I’m going to refer to Google Analytics for Firebase as simply Firebase, and the Google Analytics SDK as Google Analytics.

for the sake of sth. phrase. If you do something for the sake of something, you do it for that purpose or in order to achieve that result. You can also say that you do it for something’s sake.

Additionally, the fact that the session is cut out of the data model entirely in Firebase can make it easier to work with in BigQuery, for example.